Festivals are celebrations that help to bind the people of diverse cultural backgrounds and not merely the annual spectacles. More than 50 major festivals are celebrated yearly in Nepal because of which it is called as the land of the festivals. Most of the Nepalese festivals are related to Hindu and Buddhist God and Goddess and some of them are as follows:
This festival is called Mata Tirtha Aunsi as it falls on the new moon night and celebrated in the month of Baishak (April/ May) as per Nepali Calendar. In this day, these people who have their parents go to their parent’s house with delicious foods and gifts and that without parents goes to the holy temples and donates in the money of their parents with a great devotion.
This day is an important day for especially the people following the Buddhist culture as it is regarded as the birth day of Lord Buddha “Light of Asia”. It is celebrated in Jestha Purnima by Buddhists visiting to various monasteries, gumbas in the memory and respect to Lord Gautam Buddha who enlightened the whole world with his eight folded pathsto right views, right intent, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right meditation
It is again on full moon night and is called as festival of sacred thread. During this day, every Hindu ties a sacred thread called Janai which is given to them by the priest with sacred hymn. On this day, Hindu men also exchange Janai, a yellow cotton string worn across the chest which initiates the manhood and commands then to faithfully follow the religion. People also have get together and have a delicious food and a especial food called “Quanti” which is a mixture of almost all the grains available.
Shree Krishna Janmastanmi marks the birth of Lord Krishna (8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu). During this festivals, people take fast for whole day and visit Krishna temples and worship him so that his blessings remains with him forever.
Similar to mother’s day, father’s day is also an auspicious occasion for people in Nepal. To honor one’s own father it falls on the dark fortnight of Bhadra on August. Children spend their hoarded coins on presents which express honor and love to their fathers.
Teej is one of the greatest festivals celebrated especially by Hindu women. In this festival, they take a very difficult fast throughout the day even without drinking a cup of water or any food. This day marks important religious point of view as the same fast was taken by Lord Parvati to have Lord Shiva as her husband. So, the unmarried girls fast so that they have their husbands like Lord Shiva and married women pray for the long time and well being of their husband.
Dashain is the greatest festival of Hindu celebrated in the month of Kartik. Dashain is indeed the longest festival celebrated in Nepal for about 15 days which occurs during the bright lunar fortnight ending on the day of full moon. During the festival goddess Durga is worshipped throughout the kingdom with innumerable pujas, abundant offerings and thousands of animals sacrifice for the ritual holy bathing thus drenching the goddess for days in the blood. Dashain commemorates a great victory of the gods over the wicked demons. One of the victory story told is the Ramayana where the lord Ram after a big struggle slaughtered Ravana the fiendish king of the demons. It is said that Lord Ram was successful only when goddess Durga evoked. The first nine days signifies the ferrous battle between the goddess Durga and the demon Mahisasur. The tenth day is the day when Mahisasur was killed and the last five days symbolize the celebration of the victory with the blessing of the goddess. Dashain is celebrated with great rejoice.