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Informations for visitors


Getting There
Access to the Everest region is generally by air or on foot as the road head stops at Jiri which is 8 to 10 hours by bus from Kathmandu. An alternate route is a trek via the Arun valley where the road head is at Basantapur. These are no tourist buses to these destinations hence taking the local bus is the only option. Buses to Jiri leave from the old bus park in central Kathmandu. For the alternative route, buses leave from the Gongabu Bus Park for Hile, from where there are local buses to Basantapur.

By air, the most popular destination is Lukla which has daily flights leaving from Kathmandu. The other option is to fly up to Phaplu air strip, which is also served by daily flights from the capital city. This is ideal for treks in the southern parts of the region or for Everest trekkers who want to take their time acclimatizing.


Permits and Fees
As long as trekkers refrain from climbing up mountains, no special trekking permits are required for visiting this area. An entry fee paid before entering the Sagarmatha National Park is all one needs to pay and this can be taken care of at the National Park desk in Exhibition Road Kathmandu. However for treks to the east of the main Everest trail, an addition permit is required to enter the Makalu-Barun National Park obtainable from the same location in Exhibition road, Kathmandu. Visitors must also carry a TIMS card when they enter this national park.


People and Culture
The heart and soul of the Everest region is the Sherpas. This is their heartland and their cultural influence is seen everywhere; in their traditional costumes to their distinctive houses and village monasteries. There are also minorities of various other groups, notably Rais, Limbus and Tamangs in the lower hills and the Brahmin and Chhetri farmers in the valleys.


Flora and Fauna
The region ranges in altitude from less than 2000m above sea level at Jiri to the high peaks of the Himalaya at over 8000m. Hence the flora and fauna is diverse with dense forest of pine, oak and the flowering rhododendrons up to 4000m. The latter are one reason to make a trip to Nepal in the spring when the hills between 2000 and 3500 m are a riot of colors.


Wildlife seen here is mostly in the form of birds including the national bird of Nepal-the Impeyan Pheasant, (danfe in Nepali), which is quite commonly found around Namche Bazaar. Other notable birds include the ravens and crows of the middle hills and the coughs which soar to seemingly impossible heights in the mountains. Look out for flocks of snow pigeons wheeling about the hillsides.

Land animals in these regions are elusive, so keep an eye out for mountain goats (most common are the Himalayan tahr) and if lucky, you may chance upon the rare musk deer or the common barking deer in the forest.


How and When
Trekking in the Everest region depends entirely on the route that you have chosen. On the main trekking trails to Everest Base Camp or the route to the pristine Gokyo valley a teahouse trek is perfectly possible and the easier choice. The trail in from Jiri is also endowed with many conveniently located teahouses although generally not of such high standards as those to the north. Other trekking routes will however, almost certainly require camping gear which means organizing trekking staff and equipment. See the following individual route description for detail.


When to visit
The best time to trek in this region is from October to November and from March to May which are peak season time. At these times, the weather is mild and generally dry, making walking conditions ideal. The spring season brings out the wild flowers, particularly the rhododendrons, while the autumn season is generally good for clear mountain views, as the air at this time is crystal clear.

Winter treks are possible but risky particularly in late winter as chances of snow are high and passes may be closed at short notice as snowfall cannot be accurately predicted. Teahouses also may be closed for the winter. The summer/monsoon period is generally unsuitable for trekking as the trails are slippery, leeches abundant and mountain views are unpredictable. However, it can be a rewarding time if these drawbacks can be tolerated, as the wild flowers are at their best around this time and the fact that there are fewer tourists encountered on the trails is an added advantage.



Best Trekking Destination within Everest region



Duration: 17 Days
One of the most popular treks in Nepal – tinged with the romance of being so close to the highest in the world.
From the tiny airfield of Lukla the trail leads through Sherpa villages, forests of fir and rhododendron



Duration: 18 Days
Also known as Everest Circuit trek, this is one of the most adventurous treks in the Everest Himalayas. It follows the route via high pass of Cho La at 5330meters into the Base Camp of Mount Everest.